Understanding Cataracts: Learn About The Basics Here!

Cataract causes blurred vision, just like fog would blur the lenses of a camera. Cataracts are common in old people aged 60 and above, and if you are regular with your checkups after the age of 50, you can keep up with cataract development. In the initial stages, changing glasses may help with the cataract problem, but with age and as cataract progresses, surgery may become the only option to correct vision permanently.

If you are visiting an opthalmologist in West Springfield  for cataract or blurred vision, they will do a complete exam and offer a treatment/surgery recommendation, depending on the current stage. You should ask all relevant questions before opting for surgery. In this post, we are sharing the basic things worth knowing about cataracts, including common symptoms.

Risk factors

Previous surgery or injury to the eye can increases cataract risk in some people. There is research that links cataracts with alcohol and tobacco use. Other health issues and diseases, such as diabetes, glaucoma and hypothyroidism, are also risk factors. Genetics have a big role to play as when a person gets cataracts.

When to consider cataract surgery?

Your eye surgeon is the best person to answer that. If a change in prescription glasses doesn’t improve your vision or reduce cataract problem significantly, your doctor may recommend surgery. For many patients, cataracts can be a serious problem, because the vision issue can impact their day-to-day life. The patient may not be able to drive, or sometimes, they need to be dependent on others. In many cases, if not treated, cataracts can lead to complete loss of vision. Your doctor will discuss the extent of your symptoms and vision issues, before recommending cataract surgery.

Know the symptoms

The most common symptom of cataracts is blurred vision. You may feel like your eye lenses have clouded up. Most patients also complain of faded colors. It is possible that you may not be able to distinguish between certain shades. Cataracts also impact night vision, and you may find it hard to read or drive at night. Patients also often talk about their eyes being more sensitive to bright light.

Considering cataract surgery

The good news is cataract surgery is safe and doesn’t have any significant downtime. This is a permanent treatment, and you will see a great difference in your vision. Talk to your eye doctor and discuss your vision in detail, besides risks, if any.

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